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情报资料工作  2022, Vol. 43 Issue (4): 5-15    DOI: 10.12154/j.qbzlgz.2022.04.001
  理论探讨 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
国内外开放政府数据利用研究:进展与动向
黄如花,黄雨婷,李雅
武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 430072
苏大学社会学院 江苏 215123
Research on Open Government Data Utilizationat Home and Abroad:Progress and Trends
Huang Ruhua, Huang Yuting,Li Ya
Huang Ruhua ,Huang Yuting (School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Hubei, 430072)
Li Ya (School of Society, Soochow University, Jiangsu, 215123)  
下载:  PDF(pc)(2264KB)  ( 136 )
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 [ 目的/意义] 开放政府数据运动有力地推动了全球政府数据的开放共享,如何促进数据利用、重用和分
发,推动经济发展、政治民主和社会进步成为亟待讨论的议题。有必要总结开放政府数据利用的研究进展,为后
续相关研究奠定基础、为未来实践提供理论支撑。[方法/过程]文章系统梳理国内外开放政府数据利用相关的研
究成果,以及政府文件、会议记录、重要机构或项目报告等文献,使用文献分析法、配合可视化手段,探究开放政府
数据利用研究的发展脉络和主题分布,从利用价值、参与主体和保障措施 3 个方面阐明国内外相关研究进展,并
据此总结和展望开放政府数据利用的研究动向。[结果/讨论]当前全球开放政府数据利用的研究动机从“供应驱
动”向“需求驱动”转变、研究视角从“通用”向“特殊”深入、研究对象从“政府”向“公众”下沉。揭示实际价值、挖掘
多元用户、完善保障体系是未来开放政府数据利用研究的潜在议题。我国开放政府数据利用研究亟须丰富研究
视角、拓展研究深度、体现中国特色,以期提升国际水平。

 

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黄如花   
黄雨婷   
李雅   
关键词:  开放政府数据  政府数据  数据利用   数据重用    
Abstract: Abstract:[Purpose/significance] The Open Government Data (OGD) movement has stimulated the opening and shar?
ing of government data significantly. Data use, reuse, distribution, and value creation, is the next vital step in the global
OGD movement. Summarizing current research progress in OGD utilization would lay a foundation for follow-up re?
search and provide theoretical support for future practice. [Method/process] This paper intends to explore the develop?
ment trends and future perspectives of OGD utilization research mainly based on research articles from both China and
abroad. Grey literature (i.e., related government documents, meeting minutes, important institution/project reports)are
also analyzed to demonstrate a more holistic scenario. First, the development trend and topic distribution of OGD utilization research are discussed. Then, this article clarifies Chinese and international research progress from three aspects
of data value, data user and promotion method. Finally, recent research trend of OGD utilization is summarized and future research directions are prospected based on research results.[Result/conclusion] This paper reveals three research tendencies in OGD utilization studies. First, previous OGD utilization study was driven by the supply side, while
current study tends to motivated more by the demand side. Second, previous OGD utilization study was usually conducted from a macro viewpoint, while fine-grained research angle is more preferred currently. Third, research paid
more attention on data usage in government departments in former studies, while research on the use of OGD by the
public is increasing. Several research topics are worth researching in the future, namely OGD utilization value, diverse
OGD users and solid support measures for OGD utilization. From China’s perspective, the angle and depth in OGD utilization research need to be further enhanced. Moreover, studies that reflect Chinese characteristics are essential for the
improvement of the international level of China's OGD utilization research.
Key words:  open government data    government data    data utilization    data reuse
               出版日期:  2022-07-25      发布日期:  2022-07-12      期的出版日期:  2022-07-25
基金资助: 本文系 2020国家出版基金项目“我国政府数据开放共享的理论与实践研究”(项目编号:基金办[ 2020] 5 号)的研究成果之一。
作者简介:  1.黄如花,女,1968 年生,武汉大学信息管理学院教授,博士生导师。 2.黄雨婷,女,1996 年生,武汉大学信息管理学院博士研究生。 3.李 雅,女,1981 年生,苏州大学社会学院副教授(通讯作者)。
引用本文:    
黄如花, 黄雨婷, 李雅. 国内外开放政府数据利用研究:进展与动向[J]. 情报资料工作, 2022, 43(4): 5-15.
Huang Ruhua, Huang Yuting, Li Ya. Research on Open Government Data Utilizationat Home and Abroad:Progress and Trends. Information and Documentation Services, 2022, 43(4): 5-15.
链接本文:  
http://qbzl.ruc.edu.cn/CN/10.12154/j.qbzlgz.2022.04.001  或          http://qbzl.ruc.edu.cn/CN/Y2022/V43/I4/5
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